New Zealand pays military personnel up to $10k each to stay in jobs
The New Zealand Defence Force (NZDF) couldn’t use its preferred options in response to Cyclone Gabrielle because of ongoing critical staff shortages.
By Charlotte Cook of rnz.co.nz
When asked by the Government to act, it had to change the size of its response and the capabilities it could offer.
It has also been forced to pay all personnel up to $10,000 each to keep them in their jobs so they do not have to shut down more parts of the Navy, Air Force and Army.
The NZDF has now made two separate rounds of payments in a bid to keep people in their roles and “stem the flow of people leaving”.
There are not enough personnel to run three naval offshore patrol vessels, and the air force P-3K2 Orions were put into retirement five months early because of the shortage of trained staff.
Three ships are also tied up at Devonport unable to be used because of the lack of staff to run them.
The NZDF said the high attrition rate over the past two years has meant it had lost key personnel with highly specialised and sought after skills that take years to develop, leaving the force with crucial gaps.
NZDF Chief of Defence Force Air Marshal Kevin Short said plumbers, electricians, carpenters, special forces, navy propulsion experts and middle managers are just some of the most critical trades within the forces.
While he hoped the payments might lure people into staying, Short said it could take up to four years to train people to replace those key roles.
“A lot of cases, it’ll take almost up to a decade to get those same skill levels back again.”
Reduced options during Cyclone Gabrielle
The high level of people quitting is not only impacting the basic functions of the army but it is also hurting its capacity to respond in an emergency, like Cyclone Gabrielle.
The NZDF said it was able to meet the needs for a short domestic civil defence response like the Auckland floods and the cyclone. Had there been another major event it might not have been so easy.
“Another major event at the same time would have meant the NZDF would have faced difficult decisions on appropriate response options,” a spokesperson said.
Short said more than 1000 personnel were deployed at the time, but they had to make choices about how, who and what they did in response to manage the parts of the services that were no longer in operation.
NZDF said “high attrition rates meant that the response itself had to be adjusted, such as personnel deploying for longer duty periods”.
Because some ships and planes could not be crewed, lesser options (or less fit for purpose options) were used instead.
“A good example would be the East Coast surveillance conducted after Cyclone Gabrielle by a C-130H Hercules aircraft.
“This would have likely been conducted by the P-3K2 Orions if those aircraft had not been withdrawn from service five months earlier than planned because of attrition in the air force.
“In addition, an Offshore Patrol Vessel would have more likely been deployed to Napier instead of the frigate HMNZS Te Mana as it would have been considered a more suitable vessel, but none were available as the two OPVs [Offshore Patrol Vessel] are in care and custody at Devonport.”
Short said while he hoped the payments would put a stop to the people jumping ship, if the attrition rate continues the NZDF would have to look at capabilities it would be unable to operate.
He also said the NZDF was currently operating at a lesser standard than he would like, and not a position he expected to be in.
The attrition rate.
The NZDF said the attrition rate is high across all three services and the civilian staff base.
At the end of February, it was sitting at 15.6% for the regular force.
It was 17% for the navy, 16.7% for the army and 12.4% for the air force. Civilian staff attrition was running at 15.4%.
It said those figures do not show the seriousness of the now dire situation.
Across the last two years the regular force has lost 29.8% of its full-time, uniformed, trained and experienced staff. This number excludes soldiers who have served less than two years.
Without this cash injection, or intervention, it was projecting that the overall attrition rate was expected to reach 32.6% by the end of June.