80TH ANNIVERSARY OF THE SIEGE OF TOBRUK
On 10/11 April we commemorate 80 years since the start of the Siege of Tobruk, a period in which around 14,000 Australian soldiers, along with four regiments of British artillery and some Indian troops, were besieged in Tobruk, Libya by a German-Italian army during the Second World War.
It was vital for the Allies’ to hold the town of Tobruk with its harbour to stall the enemy’s advance into Egypt and forced them to bring most of their supplies overland from the port of Tripoli across 1500 km of desert.
Tobruk was subject to repeated ground assaults and constant shelling and bombing for around eight months and the men who served there were dubbed as the Rats of Tobruk by the enemy, a term that was embraced as an ironic compliment.
The Royal Navy and the Royal Australian Navy provided the garrison’s main link to its supply base. They were dubbed the “Scrap Iron Flotilla” by German propagandists and referred to as the “Tobruk Ferry” service by the besieged soldiers.
The combined navies provided invaluable support and lost numerous ships, sunk and damaged during the siege.
Half of the Australian troops were relieved in August, the second half in September and October.
However, one unit, the 2/13th Battalion, was unable to be evacuated and remained in Tobruk until the siege was lifted in December 1941.
Throughout the siege, the 9th Australian Division and attached troops lost over 830 men killed, more than 2,170 injured and around 940 taken prisoner.
At this time we remember ‘The Rats of Tobruk’ — the service and sacrifice of these brave men will never be forgotten. Lest we forget.
Find out more about the Siege of Tobruk on the Department of Veterans’ Affairs Anzac Portal — Libya and the Siege of Tobruk 1941 – Anzac Portal (dva.gov.au)